Insights from international agreements in STI
Has gender mainstreaming reached international STI agreements?
The Gender STI project investigated 528 international bilateral and multilateral STI agreements from 1961 – 2021 and only 81 agreements (15%) included gender-related content. This finding shows that gender content in the STI agreements is far from mainstream. A positive sign is that gender content is observed more from 2015 onwards.
The study included STI agreements from 51 countries, the emphasis was however of the Gender STI consortium countries. Based on the data, Canada, India, and South Africa provide good practices in gender inclusion in international STI agreements, while also Spain and Finland have relatively large amounts of gender-related content in their agreements. In turn, Brazil, Argentina, and Portugal show in a negative light in our sample given that these countries have very little gender content in the STI agreements.
What kind of gender content is included in the international STI agreements?
The STI agreements referred most often to ‘gender equality’ in one form or another. This phrase was most often used to improve gender equality or promote gender balance in STI-related activities. Second used terminology related to women, for example empowering women participation in STI.
Women or females are seen as specific target of the activity that the STI agreement addresses. However, it was delightful to see that inclusion and intersectionality were also mentioned in some extent in the STI agreements.
The following example shows how gender is addressed in a health science related grant agreement between Canadian RTO and European Commission signed in 2019.
[Organisation x] is committed to include a gender perspective in all applicable activities and try to involve both women and men. Moreover, in compliance with Articles 21 & 23 of the Charter of the Fundamental Rights of the European Union, women will be encouraged to participate in the project activities. Equal opportunities will be ensured throughout the whole project activity, namely the Expert Groups and RTI stakeholder workshops, especially new therapy methods or new applications or robots underlie gender specific considerations and these need to be voiced in the expert group discussions and future policy design efforts.
Related Project Publications and Best Practices
If you want to find best practices on STI agreements that address gender, check these out:
Mapping on gender equality in STI bilateral and multilateral agreements
Gender STI & EU Horizon Programme
Gender in STI: New frontiers in the application of a gender lens
Advancing Gender Equality in STI dialogues.
Recommendations for implementing Gender Equality in STI
Gender STI Findings and Results
Policies and trends